PAT Testing Procedure

Portable Appliance Testing (or PAT Testing) is a legally required method of testing portable appliances. There are many stages that go towards the testing process. It will end with either a pass or fail result.

Portable Appliance Testing needs to look at certain safety elements. Amongst the things that can cause the failure is damage to cables, plugs and wires, overheating and signs of water damage. There should be no bare wires and no sign of internal damage.

The testing needs to be done according to the IEE (Institute of Electrical Engineers) guidelines. Before testing takes place anyone who is not part of the testing team should leave the premises.

The most basic part of the testing process is the visual inspection. Over 90% of problems are said to be found during this part of the process. It consists of the tester looking at the appliance and seeing if there are any obvious issues.

Here the tester will be able to see any poor wiring, cracked casing, bent pins and other damage. These are the most basic areas where appliances fail the PAT test.

The location that a particular appliance is used needs to be inspected. There must be sufficient ventilation (depending one the needs of the equipment), the area cannot be unreasonably damp, and controls to the equipment must be easily accessible.

An Earth Bond Test needs to be carried out during the testing process. Electrical Test Equipment is necessary for this part of the procedure. This is a test between the earth bond and continuity between the plug pin and external components. The voltage and test current is assessed during this process.

Other parts of the test are the insulation test and operational test.

The insulation test is necessary to ensure the insulation resistance is safe. The operational test simply consists of the tester switching the equipment on and testing out certain regular functions that it should perform, and making sure its performance is as expected.

Once testing has been completed the result of the PAT test should be clearly stated. The most common method of this is simply placing a label on the equipment. The label will say whether the appliance has passed or failed, and should also include more specific details of its condition. It will give the date of the test and the date at which another test will be necessary.

Equipment that is faulty or damaged should be removed from service immediately. It can then be determined whether or not the seriousness of the damage is sufficient for the equipment to be out of use.

PAT testing records are required to be kept for the duration of the life of the appliance. This is a legal necessity as it shows that tests have been carried out and the results of them.

Publishing Industry Jobs

As recently as five to seven years ago, careers in the publishing industry were actually limited because of the small number of existing publishing houses, and the majority of those have been privately owned for generations and remain so today. However, many opportunities exist in the publishing industry because of the new innovative technology that has arisen out of the Internet.

Probably the most obvious job within the publishing industry is that of an author. The second most well known or recognized job outside of the publishing industry is that of a literary agent, and the third is editor.

Authors write the material or texts that are to be published. They submit their work to literary agents who forward the work onto the editors of publishing companies. Sometimes authors will forward their work directly onto the editor, foregoing the agent who will take a percentage cut of the author’s paycheck.

If the author is really lucky, the editor will call him directly with a job.

One of the problems is letting go of out-dated thinking and processes. While some places may have a ‘top-down’ problem, others have leadership that actually do think in terms of the 21st century and new media opportunities. But they are most likely the exception. Part of the problem is one of a slow-to-change work culture.

There are many (great) veteran editors and sales people in publishing companies near and far that have held on tightly to the same way of doing things; editors used to only have to work on a print version of a magazine and sales made fairly easy commissions on recurring print advertising. Now editors frequently have several outlets to satisfy (print, web, podcast interviews, webcasts and, yes, videos) while sales people have to sell sponsorships for these new content vehicles. Sales people also need to understand these new technologies to convincingly sell them.

Thepeople working in desktop publishing use a computer software in order to produce and format publication material. They basically use numbers, text and data to prepare the publication material. The publication material can range from newsletters, newspapers to magazines and books.

There is a huge demand for people in the desktop publishing industry. In fact the statistics show that about 4 out of 10 desktop publishing professionals work in various newspapers, books, periodicals and directories. Every 1 professional out of 4 work in the printing industry and other related activities.

The statistics also show that employment figures are also expected to grow faster in the near future.The jobs are easily accessible for people with a certificate or degree. To receive a degree you can get a training from an accredited vocational school or college. The time that you’ll have to invest in order to get a certificate in desktop publishing is not much, in fact it in about a year, what it takes to get yourself a desktop publishing certificate.

There are other lesser known jobs in the publishing industry other than author, agent, editor, and publisher. One of these lesser known jobs is that of author publicist. The publicist takes the published book, the author, and puts together a public relations campaign that goes beyond simply marketing. If the author is a growing phenomenon, chances are that the publicist can be seen right beside the author during book tours.

Healthy Family Lifestyle

This article discusses the influence of the family on a healthy lifestyle.

Diseases: A healthy family lifestyle always begins with a disease free lifestyle. A hundred years ago, people succumbed to communicable diseases like small pox, cholera, malaria, dysentery, tuberculosis etc. To a large extent, these diseases are well under control today if not totally eliminated from the face of the earth, thanks to advances in scientific research. Nowadays, we are plagued with different diseases. The world is plagued with modern diseases like AIDS, obesity, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases etc. Here are some alarming statistics:

o Cardiovascular diseases and stroke claim almost 18 million lives a year worldwide
o 750 million people worldwide are overweight of which 300 million are obese. Obesity is a more serious form of overweight and has been classified as a chronic disease
o This year about 547,000 Americans will die of cancer. Globally, approximately 7.6 million people die from cancer each year
o According to the American Diabetes Association, Type 2 diabetes grows annually at a rate of 5% since 1990

Prevention is better than cure. Healthy family lifestyle will mitigate many health risks only if you are aware of what is at stake. Educate your family about the diseases, and what they must do to prevent them.

Role of parents as role models: Children often look up to their parents as role models. Parents can influence children to a large extent to make a good start in life by inculcating in them good values. A healthy family lifestyle is a good starting point. It will instill in them the right values that they can pass on to their own families in future.

Healthy family lifestyle will require attention to the following areas:

1. Foods: Fundamentally important to healthy family lifestyle are foods and diets we ingest daily. It is a well known medical fact that foods have a very large role to play in the state of our health. Educate your family about good and bad food habits, but what better education there is than providing wholesome and nutritious foods for the family as a starting point. For example:

o Eating a balanced diet is important for the heart as well as making sure your family gets all the nutrients they need to grow.
o Avoid or reduce the intake of certain foods for example fast foods; these are often loaded with fats, salt and sugar and low in complex carbohydrates.
o Eating more plant based foods like fruits, vegetables, beans and legumes.
o Reducing sugar intake and avoid sugary drinks, salt and salt related food products like preserved meats (bacon, ham)

2. Maintaining right body weight: This is the single most important factor in maintaining a healthy family lifestyle. Many dreaded diseases owe their origins to overweight and obesity. Foremost among them are Type 2 diabetes, thyroid problem, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and many types of cancer. The importance of maintaining a healthy body weight can never be over-emphasized enough.

3. Exercise: Impress upon the importance of exercise. It is highly recommended for all of us to have half an hour of vigorous exercise or one hour of less vigorous exercise a day. Set a good example by doing it yourself. Lead a more physically active lifestyle and get the whole family involved. Get the children to play less computer games and more outdoor sports. Lead by example; don’t be a couch potato yourself! Do everything together the healthy family lifestyle way.

4. Smoking: Quit smoking. Cigarettes are known to be a leading cause for lung cancer and a host of other serious ailments. Besides, you don’t want your family exposed to second hand smoke, do you? Educate your children about the dangers of tobacco.

Healthy family lifestyle requires serious effort and commitment from you chiefly as the head of the family and co-operation from the whole family. The benefits far outweigh the effort.

Extended Stay In An Arizona Golf Resort

If you are looking to spend an extended amount of time in Arizona, whether it’s for business or pleasure, you should definitely consider an extended stay AZ golf resort or hotel. If you’re in town for business, staying at a golf resort will allow you to enjoy your hobby in your free time and make the trip feel less like “work.” Not to mention, it can also ease those pangs of missing home and the ones you love and help the work days go by a lot less painfully. When you know you have something fun and exciting to do after a hard day’s work, it makes work a lot more rewarding.

If your trip is solely for pleasure, an extended stay golf resort offers a great vacation option for you and even your family. Whether you all are experienced or novice golfers, you’ll find courses for all levels of expertise at most resorts. What’s even better is that you can play at your own comfort and skill level and at your own leisurely pace. After all, extended stay golf resorts are all about relaxation and fun. Find a place that you and your family would enjoy to stay at with many activities you can enjoy together.

Most extended stay AZ golf hotels and resorts offer reasonable rates on package deals for golf games plus boarding and accommodations as well as a wide range of other activities and perks. There are usually lavish spa treatments available to treat yourself to as well as delicious food to sink your teeth into and options to enjoy a bit of nightlife as well. The great thing about these types of resorts is that you can play all day and then usually not have to go very far to find something to do at night that you enjoy. And if you’d prefer to retire to your room after a fun day of golfing, that’s ok too. The rooms are usually comfortable and very homey, truly making you feel like you’re in your heavenly home away from home.

Whether it’s for business or pleasure, AZ extended stay golf resorts offer the right amount of fun and relaxation to provide you with a very cozy extended stay. Relax at a golf resort for as long as you want with the feeling of being at home as well. Enjoy a vacation in an Arizona gold resort with your family.

Modern Bathroom Renovation Ideas

If you are getting a bathroom renovation then this is one of the very best ways to transform your home and make it look like a show home or a home of tomorrow. The bathroom is one of the rooms that is the quickest to date and which often looks the most out of place. At the same time it is one of the rooms (like the kitchen) where you spend a lot of time and where there are a lot of features that can be updated to look more modern. By smartly choosing your bathroom renovation features you can make it a feature rich experience that looks and feels modern and that at the same time is even more of a joy to use.

The first idea for modern bathroom renovations that is an absolute must is to get a walk in shower. Walk in showers are basically shower cubicles that are not elevated off the ground and that are often inside a glass enclosure.

You can use these easily by walking in and you will be surrounded by light as it comes in through the glass. This means that the first and most impressive benefit of these kinds of showers is that you won’t feel at all claustrophobic – in fact you are likely to feel very spacious and this makes it easier to relax and makes it feel more natural. At the same time you will find that walk in shower enclosures are easier in many ways to keep clean etc. This is because there is no shower screen which can leak water and because you won’t need to step in and out of them and that makes it much easier.

There are other factors that can improve your shower too. For instance, why not get extra jets that can spray you from different angles. These are normally synonymous with spa retreats, but modern innovation has meant that they’re now cheap enough that we can afford them in our own home and enjoy the feeling of powerful blasts of water coming from every angle on our back. At the same time this will often be enough to help us to clean other areas that often get forgotten so it also improves hygiene.

What’s more common these days though is to have jets in the bath and this way you have created a spa tub in your bathroom. The bubbles create a highly relaxing sound, improve your bubble bath and massage your muscles into relaxation making them perfect for relaxing in after a long day and they are of course another feature that will make your bathroom seem very modern and all-singing and dancing.

Another option is to have a glass sink. This won’t change the effectiveness of the sink, but it will make it look very modern and it can almost be like an optical illusion at times when completely clean as it looks as though there is just a semi circle of water floating in the bathroom. If you also have a glass shower enclosure then you’ll find that the two match.

Dorset Cottages

Dorset is set to become one of the most popular tourist destinations in the UK this year and when you look a little closer on the map, it’s easy to see why.
Dorset is home to many famous landmarks and heritage sites and then of course there are the famous sandy beaches. The Jurassic Coast stretches down 95 miles of the English Channel and was named England’s first natural World Heritage site in 2001. But if breathtaking scenery and million year old fossils aren’t your thing then don’t worry because the beaches also provide access to some fantastic water sports for people of all ages and abilities, whether it’s a high octane Jet Ski ride or a relaxed tootle around in a pedalo.

And for those of you who are old enough to indulge in a little bit of nostalgia there’s also ‘that hill’ – the scene of that famous Hovis bread advert of the early seventies, which now plays host to the annual Gold Hill Fair. The fair brings a range of activities and shopping stalls to the area over one weekend in the summer.

There is really only one way to sample the county of Dorset however and that’s in a traditional Dorset cottage. Staying in a Dorset cottage puts this magnificent place quite literally on your doorstep. The quaint coastal villages and market towns have hundreds of cottages available for rent, all of which have a certain character about them.

The dog walkers amongst you will be pleased to know that many of the cottages, particularly those near the coast and on hiking routes are pet friendly so you can bring them along with you, and you should because they will enjoy it almost as much as you will.

One last tip…there really is so much to see and do so just be sure to book a long enough stay, even if it’s to just recover from your holiday.

Information on Internet TV Broadcasting

Internet television is a television service distributed via the internet. Some internet television is called as catch up TV. There are two forms of viewing the internet television i.e. simply downloading the program to the user computer or by streaming the content directly to media player. With the Internet TV broadcasting system, user can choose to watch the program or television show from an archive of programs or from a channel directory.

With the increase in the TV on demand market, these on demand websites or applications have become essential for major television broadcasters. Every night the use of on demand television, reach the zeniths at around 10 pm. Most of the service providers offer several different formats and quality controls, so that the service can be viewed on many different devices. During the peak times, the BBC iPlayer transmits 12 GB (gigabytes) of information per second.

Over the course of a month, the iPlayer sends 7 PB (petabytes) of information.

Most catch up services used peer-to-peer networking, in which users downloaded an application and data would be shared between the users rather than the service provider giving now commonly used streaming method. Now most services providers have moved away from the P2P systems and are using the streaming media. Now, you can watch any TV station in the world by tuning to Internet TV broadcasting. You can access the internet and watch your favourite TV shows live. The TV lovers can easily catch up with their favourite TV shows at any time on the internet, as per their convenience. You can broadcast the video recording of your own shows 24 hours a day. With the assistance of experts, you can broadcast your own discussion and live interview on your own TV, thus in a way you can advertise your own services to the world.

One of the leading providers of satellite services is the Belgium Satellite Services (BSS) that includes multi-media over satellite, DVB-RCS solutions, Radio and internet TV broadcasting and broadcast solutions, C band uplink , TDM/TDMA solutions.

The teleport services or telecommunication port is the centralized location that provides the right to use advance bandwidth services. BSS provides teleport services leasing to their customers and relies on the two state of the art teleport services; one is at Lessive and another at Liedekerke. The antenna size of these stations is ranging from 8.1 meters to 32 meters working in Ku band satellite system, EKU, DBS and C band.

PAT Testing Procedure

Portable Appliance Testing (or PAT Testing) is a legally required method of testing portable appliances. There are many stages that go towards the testing process. It will end with either a pass or fail result.

Portable Appliance Testing needs to look at certain safety elements. Amongst the things that can cause the failure is damage to cables, plugs and wires, overheating and signs of water damage. There should be no bare wires and no sign of internal damage.

The testing needs to be done according to the IEE (Institute of Electrical Engineers) guidelines. Before testing takes place anyone who is not part of the testing team should leave the premises.

The most basic part of the testing process is the visual inspection. Over 90% of problems are said to be found during this part of the process. It consists of the tester looking at the appliance and seeing if there are any obvious issues.

Here the tester will be able to see any poor wiring, cracked casing, bent pins and other damage. These are the most basic areas where appliances fail the PAT test.

The location that a particular appliance is used needs to be inspected. There must be sufficient ventilation (depending one the needs of the equipment), the area cannot be unreasonably damp, and controls to the equipment must be easily accessible.

An Earth Bond Test needs to be carried out during the testing process. Electrical Test Equipment is necessary for this part of the procedure. This is a test between the earth bond and continuity between the plug pin and external components. The voltage and test current is assessed during this process.

Other parts of the test are the insulation test and operational test.

The insulation test is necessary to ensure the insulation resistance is safe. The operational test simply consists of the tester switching the equipment on and testing out certain regular functions that it should perform, and making sure its performance is as expected.

Once testing has been completed the result of the PAT test should be clearly stated. The most common method of this is simply placing a label on the equipment. The label will say whether the appliance has passed or failed, and should also include more specific details of its condition. It will give the date of the test and the date at which another test will be necessary.

Equipment that is faulty or damaged should be removed from service immediately. It can then be determined whether or not the seriousness of the damage is sufficient for the equipment to be out of use.

PAT testing records are required to be kept for the duration of the life of the appliance. This is a legal necessity as it shows that tests have been carried out and the results of them.

The Top Tip For Career Employment and College Success

According to the study Workforce 2020, the number skill employers are seeking from college graduates is leadership closely followed by critical thinking, problem solving and team participation skills. Yet most career employment tips look to building impressive resumes to interviewing well because these more technical skills will get you on your path toward career employment. This belief is rooted in what I call the Osmosis learning factor because through absorption you will get everything you need.

The number one top tip for career employment and to secure college success is hardly if not rarely ever discussed. Why? Because those leading the discussion are just as clueless as those soon to be college graduates.

If you want college success (that being defined as graduating from college in 4 years and securing your ideal career employment, then your action is to write both a career and personal life plan. By taking this action, you are demonstrating leadership, critical thinking and problem solving skills.

Unfortunately, the majority of people in this country including college students place more value in the common written grocery list than they do planning their futures. Just think what happens when that written list of must buy items is left at home or the office?

* More money is spent
* More time is wasted
* More items are purchased that are not needed
* More emotions are wasted
* More energy is wasted

Let’s face it, the common written grocery list has more value than the future for the majority of citizens.

However this can be changed very quickly by establishing the goals you want for successful career employment and college success. For example, invest the time to writ down the following:

* Where do I see myself in 3 to 5 years?
* What company do I want to work for?
* What type of experience will I need?
* What type of person do I want to work for?
* How much money do I need to begin a successful career?

Then consider some or all of these action items:

1. Do you research about the industry, the job, the company and the people who work or are connected to the company (Career Coaching Tip: The Internet makes this far simpler than in years past.)
2. Begin using social media to connect with these individuals especially LinkedIn since this site is visited by more business people and recruiters than any other site. (Career Coaching Tip: Make sure your LinkedIn profile is 100% complete. Do not use your summary section as a resume. This is a big mistake. Your summary is where you share your compelling story, where you market without selling yourself, and also includes some results if possible.)
3. Start if you have not and continue business to business networking so that you begin to establish and further develop critical future business relationships
4. Make sure you have the sales skills, yes sales skills because this is all about the company buying you. (Career Coaching Tip: Everyone is in sales. It’s just some people get paid to be sales people.)
5. Invest the time to practice your communication skills with others such as friends, family members and even professional colleagues in the business world not necessarily the academic world. (Career Coaching Tip: Your non-verbal cues may torpedo any chances for that best job ever. Understand basic neuro-linguistic programming (NLP).)
6. Put together a schedule based upon your goals such as each Monday I will personally connect with 5 people, identify 5 positions, etc.
7. Work your plan and continue to plan your work by monitoring, measuring and managing your results

By being proactive you are now taking and creating your destiny because you have far more control that you probably realize. Through your predetermined thoughts and actions you are demonstrating you are a forward thinking leader and that is the first step to successful career employment and life success.

Sonography Websites and Blogs

There are numerous great sonography Websites and blogs for professionals in this field who want to stay on top of the latest news and information for their careers. You could easily compile a list of 50 sonography Websites and blogs, and they would all be very useful. These five Websites and five blogs are a great place to start, though. They all have plenty of visitors, lots of recently updated information and credibility in the industry.

Websites

1. Aunt Minnie: This Website, found online at AuntMinnie.com, is an excellent forum for industry professionals such as business managers, members of organized medicine, radiologists and technologists. If you want to meet others in the profession to network and collaborate with, this is a great site for you.

2. Diagnostic Imaging: Go to DiagnosticImaging.com to find out about the latest developments across all segments of the field of diagnostic radiology.

3. Health Imaging: This site, HealthImaging.com, boasts “Images, information and knowledge across the enterprise.”

4. Image Radiology Magazine: RT-Image.com is “the source for radiology professionals,” with everything from job listings to CEO directories to data sheets to informative articles and much, much more.

5. Learning Radiology: This is a great resource if you are a student or new to the field. Regular features at Learningradiology.com include a case of the week, an image DDX, quizzes and more.

Blogs

1. American Journal of Neuroradiology: Find everything neuroradiology-related at this blog site, including editorials, cases, book reviews and more.

2. Americans for Responsible Imaging: The ARI blog site features doctors and patients from the world of medical imaging who are focused on preserving the healthcare system in the United States.

3.Free Ultrasound Machine Reviews and Tips: If you are looking for evaluations of diagnostic ultrasound equipment with details about 3D and 4D ultrasound techniques, image quality and user friendliness, visit GPS Medical President Brian Gill’s blog.

4. Imaging Informatics News: Everything related to medical imaging informatics is discussed in this blog, including news on CAD, PACS, RIS, image acquisition, processing enhancement and more.

5. Sonography News: All the diagnostic medical ultrasound imaging news that you need to know now is right here in this blog.

Find best sonography schools or sonography college programs on SonographySchoolsU.com and start your path to a rewarding career. SonographySchoolsU.com is an online education resource offering information about top sonography schools/ Ultrasound Technician Schools that offers best sonography programs in various disciplines.